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:: Volume 13, Issue 1 (March-April 2018) ::
IJNR 2018, 13(1): 51-60 Back to browse issues page
Effects of two Exercise Modalities of Sprint Interval Training and Combined Training (Strength-Aerobic) on Serum Apelin levels and Insulin Resistance in Women with Type 2 Diabetes
Samira Nasiri , Ebrahim Banitalebi * , Mohammad Faramarzi
Assistant Professor Department of Sport Sciences, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran , banitalebi.e@gmail.com
Abstract:   (146 Views)
Introduction: Exercise activity is an effective treatment tool for the management of type 2 diabetic patients. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of eight weeks combined and sprint interval training (SIT) on serum apelin levels and insulin resistance in women with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: Fifty-two overweight female type 2 diabetic patients (aged 45-60 years old, BMI > 30) with HbA1C value of 6.5% or were assessed for eligibility. Participants were assigned to SIT group (n = 17), combined training group (n = 17), and control group (n = 18) according to HbA1c levels. The exercises included 12 weeks of combined training and SIT. To determine the differences between groups, a statistical analysis of covariance and a meaningful LSD test were used to determine the difference between groups.
Results: Difference was significant for the fasting blood glucose in the SIT groups (p<0.001). Serum insulin levels showed significant increases in the SIT (p<0.001) and Com (p=0.001). Changes in apelin were not significantly different within SIT and combined training groups (p = 0.13 and p = 0.09, respectively). The data showed significant differences in insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) in SIT (p<0.001) and Com (p=0.008). Furthermore, the ANCOVA test showed that there were no significant differences in fasting blood glucose concentrations (F = 1.853, p = 0.171), apelin (F = 0.511, p = 0.12) But, significant differences were seen between groups in insulin (F = 3.622, p = 0.036), and HOMA-IR (F = 5.511, p = 0.008).
Conclusion: exercise training independent of mode of training is an effective training method to improve glycemic control in woman with type 2 diabetes.
 
Keywords: SIT and Combined Training, Apelin, Type 2 Diabetes.
     
Type of Study: Rehabilitation Nursing | Subject: rehabilitation
Received: 2016/10/1 | Accepted: 2018/04/8 | Published: 2018/04/8
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Nasiri S, Banitalebi E, Faramarzi M. Effects of two Exercise Modalities of Sprint Interval Training and Combined Training (Strength-Aerobic) on Serum Apelin levels and Insulin Resistance in Women with Type 2 Diabetes. IJNR. 2018; 13 (1) :51-60
URL: http://ijnr.ir/article-1-1812-en.html


Volume 13, Issue 1 (March-April 2018) Back to browse issues page
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