:: Volume 14, Issue 5 (December-January 2019) ::
IJNR 2019, 14(5): 14-22 Back to browse issues page
An Investigation into the Effect of Training peer-based Parenting Skills on Parent-Child Relationships in Roma Families Residing in Harandi Square, Tehran, Iran
Zahra Falahi, Zahra Godarzi *, KHadije Zareii, Mohamadreza Mohamadi, Hamid Haghani
MSc, Faculty Member Department of Pediatrics and NICU Nursing Education, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , godarziz@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (832 Views)

Introduction: Parenting quality is a major cause of growth and development in children, but its inappropriateness along with the familial conflict and the lack of warm and positive relationship with parents in Roma families, called the Gorbat groups, leads to the psychological, physical and social problems in the child future. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of peer parenting skill training on the parent/child relationship.
Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) before and after the intervention, 60 parents (mothers) with 6-12 year-old children, who were studying at Sobherouyesh School (for child labor) and had the eligibility for inclusion in the research, were randomly selected from Roma families (Gorbats) living in Harandi Square of Tehran City in the year 2016 (based on the sample size formula for inclusion in the controland intervention group with random allocation). Parent-child relationship scale questionnaire relating to the mother was the data collection tool which was collected by children with the help of researchers before, after and 6 months after the intervention. Furthermore, the demographic questionnaire before the intervention was completed to collect data from mothers with the help of researchers. Five mothers were selected as peers according to the peer selection criterion in the present study and trained. After recognizing their abilities to present the content, by psychologist of group, the trained peer group taught mothers in the intervention group. For intervention, mothers were divided into 6 groups each which was allocated to a peer for training. Regarding the fact that sessions were weekly, each group received training a day per week, and the intervention was completed in two months. The researchers and psychologists of group also attended in sessions which held by peers. Parenting skills were taught to them based on the positive parenting program, which was run in four weekly 2-hour workshops by group discussion and role play along with four weekly 2-hour sessions simultaneous with cooking, regular sessions in mother s houses for breakfast or during pilgrimage tours, by researchers for peers. The control group did not receive any training. Data analysis was done using SPSS software, independent and paired t-tests, Chi-square test.
Results: The independent t-test indicated that the mean score of parent-child relationship in the mother form was significantly different in two groups after and 6 months after the intervention (P<0.05).
Conclusions: The results indicated that the peer parenting training affected the improvement of mother- child relationship in itinerant families, but this group still needed further and ongoing training intervention in the field of parenting and child care especially by persons who have necessary knowledge in this field as professional pediatric nurses.
 
Keywords: Parenting -Parent-Child Relationship-Peer Group- Roma
Full-Text [PDF 910 kb]   (287 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Pediatric and Neonatal Nursing | Subject: nursing
Received: 2018/01/17 | Published: 2019/12/1


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Volume 14, Issue 5 (December-January 2019) Back to browse issues page