[Home ] [Archive]    
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Publishing Policies::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Last site contents
:: Review Policies
:: Volume 12, Issue 5 (November-December 2017) ::
IJNR 2017, 12(5): 21-26 Back to browse issues page
Evaluating the Rate of Nurses’ Errors in Administration of Medication Orders in General Departments of Hospitals in the City of Ilam
Mosayeb Mozafari * , Milad Borji
Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Abstract:   (5733 Views)
Introduction: Administration of medications is taken into account as one of the most significant nursing measures whose correct fulfillment is of utmost importance. Thus, the present study aimed at determining the rate of nurses’ medication errors in general departments of hospitals in the city of Ilam in 2015.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the behavior of medication administration for 120 times performed by nurses working in general departments of hospitals in the city of Ilam was selected through convenience sampling method and then observed voluntarily and based on non-participation method via the use of a researcher-made checklist. The given checklist was comprised of 25 items for oral medications and 31 items associated with injectable .Content validity was confirmed using expert opinion and reliability by using a retest (/ 89) .The data were also analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics within the SPSS16 software.
Results: The results showed that the means and standard deviations of errors observed in the administration of oral and injectable medications were equal to 15.06±2.05 and 19.2±2.11; respectively. Moreover, the bulk of errors included lack of hand-washing and inconsistency between patient’s name and the Kardex. Additionally, no statistically significant relationship was found between medication errors and demographic data (p>0.05).
Conclusions: Given the importance of the prevention of medication errors in nursing, it is required to reduce nurses’ workload and also provide them with necessary training in order to enhance patient satisfaction as well as quality of care and treatment

Keywords: Medication Errors, Nurse, Administration of Medications
Full-Text [PDF 517 kb]   (2230 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Nursing Management and Administration | Subject: nursing
Received: 2017/05/31 | Accepted: 2017/11/28 | Published: 2017/11/28
1. 1. Stratton KM, Blegen MA, Pepper G, Vaughn T. Reporting of medication errors by pediatric nurses. J Pediatr Nurs. 2004;19(6):385-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedn.2004.11.007] [PMID]
2. 2. Allan EL, Barker KN. Fundamentals of medication error research. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990;47(3):555-71. [PMID]
3. 3. Anderson DJ, Webster CS. A systems approach to the reduction of medication error on the hospital ward. J Adv Nurs. 2001;35(1):34-41. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01820.x]
4. 4. Mrayyan MT, Shishani K, Al-Faouri I. Rate, causes and reporting of medication errors in Jordan: nurses\' perspectives. J Nurs Manag. 2007;15(6):659-70. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2834.2007.00724.x] [PMID]
5. 5. Hume M. Changing hospital culture and systems reduces drug errors and adverse events. Qual Lett Healthc Lead. 1999;11(3):2-9. [PMID]
6. 6. Cassiani SH. [Patient safety and the paradox in medication use]. Rev Bras Enferm. 2005;58(1):95-9. [DOI:10.1590/S0034-71672005000100019] [PMID]
7. 7. Woods A, Doan-Johnson S. Executive summary: toward a taxonomy of nursing practice errors. Nurs Manage. 2002;33(10):45-8. [DOI:10.1097/00006247-200210000-00020] [PMID]
8. 8. Jolaee S, Hajibabaee F, Peyravi H, Haghani H. Nursing medication errors and its relationship with work condition in Iran University of Medical Sciences. Iranian J Med Ethics Hist Med. 2009;3(1):65-76.
9. 9. Rosen RK. Medication errors: a 21st-century perspective. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2004;17(4):464-7; discussion 7-8. [DOI:10.1080/08998280.2004.11928013] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. 10. Nikpeyma N, Gholamnejad H. Reasons for medication errors in nurses\' views. Fac Nurs Midwifery Q. 2009;19(64):18-24.
11. 11. Harding L, Petrick T. Nursing student medication errors: a retrospective review. J Nurs Educ. 2008;47(1):43-7. [DOI:10.3928/01484834-20080101-05] [PMID]
12. 12. Baghcheghi N, KOUHESTANI HR. The Comments of nursing educators about reasons and reduction strategies of medication errors in nursing students in Arak University of Medical Sciences, 2008. Arak Med Univ J. 2010;12(4):1-8.
13. 13. Hashemi F, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A, Asghari F. Nurses perceived worries from error disclosure: A qualitative study. Iranian J Nurs Res. 2011;6(20):30-43.
14. 14. Clifton-Koeppel R. What Nurses Can Do Right Now to Reduce Medication Errors in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Newborn Infant Nurs Rev. 2008;8(2):72-82. [DOI:10.1053/j.nainr.2008.03.008]
15. 15. Pape TM, Guerra DM, Muzquiz M, Bryant JB, Ingram M, Schranner B, et al. Innovative approaches to reducing nurses\' distractions during medication administration. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2005;36(3):108-16; quiz 41-2. [PMID]
16. 16. Tang FI, Sheu SJ, Yu S, Wei IL, Chen CH. Nurses relate the contributing factors involved in medication errors. J Clin Nurs. 2007;16(3):447-57. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2005.01540.x] [PMID]
17. 17. Anacleto TA, Perini E, Rosa MB, Cesar CC. Medication errors and drug-dispensing systems in a hospital pharmacy. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2005;60(4):325-32. [DOI:10.1590/S1807-59322005000400011]
18. 18. Cheraghi MA, Nasabadi N, Reza A, Mohammad Nejad E, Salari A, Kheyli Kouhi E, et al. Medication errors among nurses in intensive care units (ICU). J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012;21(1):115-9.
19. 19. Le Grognec C, Lazzarotti A, Durnet-Archeray M-J, Lorcerie B. Erreurs médicamenteuses liées à la préparation et à l\'administration des médicaments. Thérapie. 2005;60(4):391-9. [DOI:10.2515/therapie:2005057] [PMID]
20. 20. Mohammadnejad E, Ehsani K, Salari A, Sajjadi A, Hajiesmaeelpour A. Refusal in reporting medication errors from the perspective of nurses in emergency ward. J Res Dev Nurs Midwifery. 2013;10(1):61-8.
21. 21. Koohestani HR, Baghcheghi N. Barriers to the reporting of medication administration errors among nursing students. Aust J Adv Nurs. 2009;27(1):66.
22. 22. Penjvini S. Investigation of the rate and type of medication errors of nurses in Sanandaj Hospitals. Iranian J Nurs Res. 2006;1(1):59-64.
23. 23. Musarezaie A, Momeni Ghale Ghasemi T, Zargham Boroujeni A, Haj Salhehi E. Survey of the medication errors and refusal to report medication errors from the viewpoints of nurses in hospitals affiliated to Isfahan university of medical sciences, Iran. Health Syst Res. 2013;9(1):76-85.
24. 24. Roseman C, Booker JM. Workload and environmental factors in hospital medication errors. Nurs Res. 1995;44(4):226-30. [DOI:10.1097/00006199-199507000-00007] [PMID]
25. 25. Tisdale JE. Justifying a pediatric critical-care satellite pharmacy by medication-error reporting. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1986;43(2):368-71. [PMID]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mozafari M, Borji M. Evaluating the Rate of Nurses’ Errors in Administration of Medication Orders in General Departments of Hospitals in the City of Ilam. IJNR 2017; 12 (5) :21-26
URL: http://ijnr.ir/article-1-1965-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 12, Issue 5 (November-December 2017) Back to browse issues page
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4642