[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Volume 13, Issue 1 (March-April 2018) ::
IJNR 2018, 13(1): 47-56 Back to browse issues page
The Effects of Group Reminiscence Therapy on Loneliness and Spiritual Well- being among Residents of Kahrizak Nursing Home
Fatemeh Noghani, Elham Navab, Abbas Mehran, Lila Yaghobi *
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran, Iran , fatemeh.yaghobi1376@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4624 Views)
Introduction: Maintaining and improving the health of the elderly people as a vulnerable group should  further be considered. Loneliness is one of the most common complaints of the elderly that can cause serious consequences on their mental health. The present study was designed and implemented with the aim of determining " The Effects of Group Reminiscence Therapy on Loneliness and Spiritual Well- being among  Residents of Kahrizak Nursing Home ".
Method: The present study is a non-randomized clinical trial that has been done on 83 elderly residents of Kahrizak nursing home who were qualified for participating in the study in the year 2017. The samples were non -randomly selected and subjects were divided into two experimental and control groups. The control group received no treatment. 6 reminiscence sessions were carried out according to the Watt & Cepplize protocol in experimental group. The data collection tools include Demographic and Plutozion-Ellison spiritual Well- being questionnaires(in previous studies in Iran, content validity and internal reliability were performed with Cronbach's alpha of 92%) and Russell loneliness questionnaire (in previous studies in Iran, content validity and internal reliability were performed with Cronbach's alpha of 78%). In analyzing samples, descriptive statistics was used to calculate central indexes and dispersion and to prepare frequency distribution tables. Analytical statistics was used to test the hypothesis of the research with the help of one of independent t-test, paired t-test, Chi-square, Fisher and ... tests. Data was analyzed by SPSS24 software.
Results: The findings of this study showed that there was a significant statistical relationship between all demographic variables in both groups, except partner life situation variable (p=0.385) in which there was no significant statistical relationship. The result of analysis of covariance showed that the variables of loneliness (p=0.335) and spiritual well-being (p=0.385) have influenced on loneliness (p<0.001) before treatment and spiritual health (p=0.054) after treatment.
conclusion: The results of the study showed a clear relationship and effect of reminiscence on loneliness and spiritual well-being of the elderly people. Considering the effectiveness of memory retrieval, it can be used as a simple, easy, inexpensive and applicable therapeutic approach in all treatment and care centers for the elderly or individually at home. And we can expect this approach to be welcomed by the elderly, family and members of the care team.
Keywords: reminiscence, loneliness, spiritual Well- being, elderly people.
Full-Text [PDF 497 kb]   (919 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing | Subject: nursing
Received: 2017/06/18 | Accepted: 2017/07/24 | Published: 2018/04/8
1. Eliopoulos C. Gerontologic nursing. 7th ed: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
2. Fujiwara E, Otsuka K, Sakai A, Hoshi K, Sekiai S, Kamisaki M, et al. Usefulness of reminiscence therapy for community mental health. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2012;66(1):74-9. [DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1819.2011.02283.x] [PMID]
3. Quiros PM, Langer T, Lopez-Otin C. New roles for mitochondrial proteases in health, ageing and disease. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2015;16(6):345-59. [DOI:10.1038/nrm3984] [PMID]
4. Keenan K, Foverskov E, Grundy E. Data sources on the older population in Europe: Comparison of the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Population. 2016;71(3):511-37.
5. Musavi M, Sheikhi S. The effect of reminiscence therapy on the self-esteem among residents of a nursing home in Uromie. Iranian J Psychiat Nurs. 2013;1(2):30-7.
6. Chao SY, Liu HY, Wu CY, Jin SF, Chu TL, Huang TS, et al. The effects of group reminiscence therapy on depression, self esteem, and life satisfaction of elderly nursing home residents. J Nurs Res. 2006;14(1):36-45. [DOI:10.1097/01.JNR.0000387560.03823.c7] [PMID]
7. Woods B, Spector A, Jones C, Orell M, Davies S. Reminiscence theory for dementia. New York: John Wiley and Sons Publishers; 2008.
8. Hsu YC, Wang JJ. Physical, affective, and behavioral effects of group reminiscence on depressed institutionalized elders in Taiwan. Nurs Res. 2009;58(4):294-9. [DOI:10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181a308ee] [PMID]
9. Sheikholeslami F, Reza Masouleh S, Khodadadi N, Yazdani MA. Loneliness and general health of elderly. J Geriatr. 2011;21(2):28-34.
10. Pymanfar A, Dehkordy A, Mohtashamy T. Comparing sense of loneliness and meaningfulness in elderly life with different levels of religious attitude. Relig Psychol. 2011.
11. Anooshe M, Froghan M, Sheikh M, Hajizadeh E. Elderly perspective on the phenomenon of loneliness. J Ageing Q. 2008;2(6).
12. Wiseman H, Mayseless O, Sharabany R. Why are they lonely? Perceived quality of early relationships with parents, attachment, personality predispositions and loneliness in first-year university students. Pers Individ Differ. 2006;40(2):237-48. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2005.05.015]
13. Mostafazadeh F, Asadzadeh F. Spiritual health of midwifery students. J Health Care. 2012;14(1).
14. Koushan M, Mollashahi Z, Delbari A, Rakhshani M. The effects of group reminiscence on loneliness in elders. Q J Sabzevar Univ Med Sci. 2014;21(4):569-77.
15. Hojjati H, Asayesh H, HossainAlipour S, Nikkhah F, Nazari R, Sharifnia S. The effect of group reminiscence on loneliness and the need for belonging infielders. Iranian J Health Care. 2011;13(1):52-8.
16. Russell D, Peplau LA, Cutrona CE. The revised UCLA Loneliness Scale: concurrent and discriminant validity evidence. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1980;39(3):472-80. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.39.3.472] [PMID]
17. Nemati Dehkordi S, Nemati Dehkordi M, Fruzande R. The effect of group reminiscence therapy on depression of elderly. Armaghan-e-Danesh. 2008;13(3):57-64.
18. O'Connor M, Guilfoyle A, Breen L, Mukhardt F, Fisher C. Relationships between quality of life, spiritual well-being, and psychological adjustment styles for people living with leukaemia: An exploratory study. Ment Health Relig Cult. 2007;10(6):631-47. [DOI:10.1080/13674670601078221]
19. Jadidi A, Farahaninia M, Janmohammadi S, Haghani H. The Relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life among Elderly People Residing in Kahrizak Senior House. Iran J Nurs 2011;24(72).
20. Sam S, Khalily F, Sayesh H. The state of spiritual well-being in the elderly in Isfahan. Iranian Elderly Mag. 2008.
21. Dadfar M, Asgharnegad A, Pirmorady A, Abadyzare S. Groups therapy. Iran: Mir Mah, Shafa Neuroscience Research Center of Khatam-ol-Anbia Specialized Hospital; 2012. [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Cappeliez P, Guindon M, Robitaille A. Functions of reminiscence and emotional regulation among older adults. J Aging Stud. 2008;22(3):266-72. [DOI:10.1016/j.jaging.2007.06.003]
23. Memary A. [Reviewing the effect of spiritual care on spiritual health and mental health of the elderly admitted to the Kahrizak Charity Hospital]. Iran2011.
24. Watt LM, Cappeliez P. Integrative and instrumental reminiscence therapies for depression in older adults: Intervention strategies and treatment effectiveness. Aging Ment Health. 2000;4(2):166-77. [DOI:10.1080/13607860050008691]
25. Koshiar H, Ghanbary H, Abady B, Smaily H, Parvandy Z, Ghandharian F. The Effects of Group Reminiscence Therapy on the disability rating in elderly people living in elderly homes in Mashhad. Iranian Elderly Mag. 2013.
26. Sotodeh S, Pooragha Roodbordeh F, Kafi S, Poornesaii G. Effectiveness of reminiscence group therapy on male elderly's mental health. J Guilan Univ Med Sci. 2013;22(85):61-7.
27. Moradinejad S, Sahbaee F, Nakavand M, Zare M. The Effect of reminiscence therapy on elderly mental health. Iranian J Ageing. 2010;5(3):0-.
28. Sheibani Tezerji F, Pakdaman S. Effect of music therapy, reminiscence and performing enjoyable tasks on loneliness in the elderly. J Appl Psychol. 2010;4(3):55-68.
29. Majzoobi MR, Momeni K, Amani R, Hojjat Khah M. The Effectiveness of Structured Group Reminiscence on The Enhancement of the Elderly's Life Quality And Happiness. J Iranian Psychol. 2013;9(34):189-202.
30. Rezaei M, Seyedfatemi N, Hosseini F. Spiritual Well-being in Cancer Patients who Undergo Chemotherapy. Hayat. 2008;14(3-4):33-9.
31. Saydshohadai M, Heshmat S, Seidfatemi N, Haghani H, Mehrdad N. The spiritual health of seniors living in sanitarium and home residents. Iran J Nurs. 2013;26(81):11-20.
32. Ando M, Morita T, Akechi T, Okamoto T, Japanese Task Force for Spiritual C. Efficacy of short-term life-review interviews on the spiritual well-being of terminally ill cancer patients. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2010;39(6):993-1002. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2009.11.320] [PMID]
33. Habibi A, Savadpour M. Spiritual well-being in cancer patients under chemotherapy. J Health Care. 2011;13(3):16-21.
34. Sh A, Foroughan M, Khanjani M, Bakhshi E, Farhadi A. Relationship Between Meaning of Life and Spiritual Well-being in the Older People Residing in Nursing Homes Shemiranat, 2014. Iranian J Ageing. 2016;11(3):456-65.
35. Hemmati Alamdarlou G, Dehshiri G, Shojaie S, Hakimi Rad E. Health and loneliness status of the elderly living in nursing homes versus those living with their families. Iranian J Ageing. 2008;3(2):557-64.
36. Chiang KJ, Chu H, Chang HJ, Chung MH, Chen CH, Chiou HY, et al. The effects of reminiscence therapy on psychological well-being, depression, and loneliness among the institutionalized aged. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010;25(4):380-8. [DOI:10.1002/gps.2350] [PMID]
37. Kunz J, Soltys F. Transformational reminiscence: Life story work. NewYork: Springer publication; 2010.
38. Okumura Y, Tanimukai S, Asada T. Effects of short-term reminiscence therapy on elderly with dementia: A comparison with everyday conversation approaches. Psychogeriatrics. 2008;8(3):124-33. [DOI:10.1111/j.1479-8301.2008.00236.x]
39. Zikic L, Jankelic S, Milosevic DP, Despotovic N, Erceg P, Davidovic M. Self-perception of health (SPH) in the oldest-old subjects. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2009;49 Suppl 1:245-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2009.09.036] [PMID]
40. Routasalo PE, Tilvis RS, Kautiainen H, Pitkala KH. Effects of psychosocial group rehabilitation on social functioning, loneliness and well-being of lonely, older people: randomized controlled trial. J Adv Nurs. 2009;65(2):297-305. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04837.x] [PMID]
41. Tilvis RS, Laitala V, Routasalo PE, Pitkala KH. Suffering from loneliness indicates significant mortality risk of older people. J Aging Res. 2011;2011:534781. [DOI:10.4061/2011/534781] [PMID] [PMCID]
42. Jahani A, Rejeh N, Heravi-Karimooi M, Hadavi A, Zayeri F, Khatooni AR. The Relationship Between Spiritual Health and Quality of Life in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Islamic Life Cent Health. 2012;1(2):17-21. [DOI:10.5812/ilch.8575]
43. Chong S, Lee W-H. Relationship between spiritual health and depression of patients with hematological malignancies. 32nd Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress2011.
44. Mackinlay E, Trevitt C. Living in aged care: using spiritual reminiscence to enhance meaning in life for those with dementia. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2010;19(6):394-401. [DOI:10.1111/j.1447-0349.2010.00684.x] [PMID]
45. Eliopoulos C. Gerontological nursing : understanding the aging experience. 8th ed: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Noghani F, Navab E, Mehran A, yaghobi L. The Effects of Group Reminiscence Therapy on Loneliness and Spiritual Well- being among Residents of Kahrizak Nursing Home. IJNR. 2018; 13 (1) :47-56
URL: http://ijnr.ir/article-1-1978-en.html

Volume 13, Issue 1 (March-April 2018) Back to browse issues page
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4137