Investigation of the rate and type of medication errors of nurses in Sanandaj Hospitals
Penjvini S (MSc.).
Introduction: Medication administration is one of the fundamental nursing practice that requires skill, technique and take care of patients. Mediation errors can induce serious problems in nurse’s profession and put patients in Potential dangers. The purpose of the study was to determine the rate and type of medication errors in nursing staffs, in Sanandaj Hospital 2002.
Materials and Methods: In this cross – sectional, descriptive analytical study, 104 nurses personnel in two educational hospitals in Sanandaj city based on census sampling method were studied. A questionnaire with three sections was developed and during the medication were filled by research team. Data analysis performed by Chi-square and Fisher exact test.
Results: The findings showed that medication errors in general were 16.7% and the majority of them were related to drug omission and wrong dose in intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM) and oral (P.O) routes. There was a meaningful relationship between medication errors in IV route and gender (p=0.001), IV route with staff organizational position (p=0.000) P.O with staff organizational position (p=0.003), P.O with the number of Patients (p=0.0001), IV with critically ill patients (p=0.007) and P.O with critically ill patients (p=0.01).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the work overload (the number of critically ill patients) has an important role in rising the medication errors. Attention must be paid to this problem in order to get balance between patients and nursing staffs.
Key words: Medical error, nursing, caring, management