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:: Volume 6, Issue 21 (Summer 2011) ::
IJNR 2011, 6(21): 29-38 Back to browse issues page
The effect of preparatory face to face education to reduce depression and anxiety in open heart surgery adult patient in Shafa hospital in Kerman, 2008
Solmaz Mosavi Mrs, Sakineh Sabzevari Mrs *, Abbas Abbaszadeh Dr, Fatemeh Hasan nakhaee Dr
kerman faculty of nursing , Sabzevariz@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (48180 Views)
Introduction: Depression and anxiety are psychological problems after cardiac surgery and hospitalization. Patient education and giving information has important role in nursing care in reducing anxiety and depression. In different methods individual and face to face teaching is an effective method. The main purpose of this study was the preparatory face to face education to reduce depression and anxiety in open heart surgery patients. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study on one-hundred and twenty patients dividing into two groups of sixty members, chosen at random and matched by age, sex, marital status employment status and type of surgery. The patients receiving information booklet and educational program were put in the experimental group and other patients were put in the control group only receiving normal education. The information was gathered by the standard questionnaire of Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS). For data analysis in spite of mean and standard deviation, correlation, T, ANOVA with SPSS 14 were used. Results: According to the findings of the study the anxiety and depression in both groups were reduced after the surgery (P-value<0.0001). But in experimental group was significantly less than control group. The anxiety scores before and after the surgery in experimental group was 11.63 and 6.68 and in control group was 13.3 and 9.6.For the depression the scores was 10.3and 5.85, and for the control group was 11.28, 9.16.According to the result of the study about the relationship between anxiety, depression and demographic variables, the amount of depression in women and addicted subjects were more than the rest of the group, furthermore jobless subjects had more anxiety (P<0.05). Conclusion: The result of the study showed that undergoing heart surgery patients, experienced anxiety and depression that can negative effect on them. Despite of difference between pre and postoperative scores, in experimental group was significant. Furthermore education specially face to face educational program and giving information was very effective method in reducing their depression and anxiety. This teaching method for better interaction with client and its simply is useful for nurses. Also attention to female, addicted and jobless is recommended.
Keywords: Open heart surgery, depression, anxiety, face to face patient teaching
Full-Text [PDF 695 kb]   (108 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Nursing Education | Subject: nursing
Received: 2011/08/2
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mosavi S, sabzevari S, abbaszadeh A, hasan nakhaee F. The effect of preparatory face to face education to reduce depression and anxiety in open heart surgery adult patient in Shafa hospital in Kerman, 2008. IJNR. 2011; 6 (21) :29-38
URL: http://ijnr.ir/article-1-838-en.html


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