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:: Volume 16, Issue 2 (June-July 2021) ::
IJNR 2021, 16(2): 11-22 Back to browse issues page
The effect of self-care program on quality of life of women with Breast Cancer having mastectomy
Katusha Mahinfar , Afsaneh Sadooghiasl * , Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
Tarbiat Modares University , a.sadooghi@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (280 Views)
Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Mastectomy as a primary treatment changes the quality of life. Self-care plays an important role in promoting health behaviors. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of self-care program on quality of life in women with Breast Cancer having mastectomy.
Methods: This semi-experimental study was performed with before and after design and control group among women with Breast Cancer having mastectomy referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in 2020. Sixty patients with inclusion criteria (30 in the intervention group and 30 in the control group) were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups using a quadruple block. Data were collected by self-report method using demographic questionnaire, specific quality of life questionnaire, before and three months after the intervention. The intervention included 6 sessions of 45-60 minutes of virtual self-care training (simultaneous and asynchronous) for the intervention group. The control group received the usual training of the research environment. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Ver.22 software and inferential statistical methods of Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Fisher exact test, independent t-test and chi-square, paired t-test, Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were used.
Results: The results of independent t-test showed that the quality of life score before the intervention was not significant between the experimental and control groups (p = 0.009) but after the intervention there was a significant difference (p <0.001). The intervention caused a 21.80% increase in quality of life in the intervention group, but these changes showed a decrease of -10.06% in the quality of life in the control group.
Discussion and Conclusion: Self-care program training in women with Breast Cancer having mastectomy can increase and improve their quality of life. it is highly recommended to focus on the self-care in the care and training programs of the target group in inpatient and outpatient centers and community.
Keywords: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Mastectomy, Quality of Life, Self-Care
Full-Text [PDF 274 kb]   (113 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Community Health Nursing | Subject: nursing
Received: 2021/07/5 | Accepted: 2021/07/1 | Published: 2021/07/1
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Mahinfar K, Sadooghiasl A, Kazemnejad A. The effect of self-care program on quality of life of women with Breast Cancer having mastectomy. IJNR. 2021; 16 (2) :11-22
URL: http://ijnr.ir/article-1-2571-en.html


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