:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (June-July 2019) ::
IJNR 2019, 14(2): 7-14 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Education based on Empowerment Model on Anxiety among Transsexual Clients undergoing Hormone Therapy
Maryam Asadi , Fariba Tabari * , Shima Haghani , Fataneh Ghadirian
Tehran Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery , ftabari@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1359 Views)
Introduction: Gender disorder or sexual dysfunction is a complex psychological problem and these patients are more vulnerable to psychological problems, such as anxiety due to gender issues and pressures on them. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of empowerment baced education on the anxiety of transgene patients under hormone therapy.
Methods: The present study is a randomized clinical trial with 87 transgender patients in 1397 affiliated with the Tehran Welfare Center. The samples were selected based on inclusion. After explaining about goals and obtaining written consent, patients were randomly assigned to two groups of intervention and control. Demographic information questionnaires and Spiel bergerchr('39')s anxiety and history questionnaires were completed by both groups. In the intervention group, educated based on empowerment-based education (perception of threat, problem solving, training participation, and evaluation). For 3 months, follow up was conducted once a week by phone. In the experimental group 3 months after the intervention, and in the control group 3 months after completing the initial questionnaire by completing the questionnaires, the results were analyzed by using SPSS software version 24 and by descriptive ststistics, independent t-test, paired t-test and Fisherchr('39')s Exact Test. P<0.05 was considered meaningful.
Results: According to the findings, there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of demographic characteristics and disease records before the intervention (P>0.05). After intervention, it was revealed that there was a significant difference between the two groups in the mean of apparent anxiety (P = 0.045). However, there was no significant difference in the mean of anxiety anxiety between the two groups (P = 0.731).
Conclusions: Based on the findings of this study, education had effect on clientschr('39') apparent anxiety; so it is suggested that educational nursing interventions should be designed and implemented to reduce the anxiety of these patients based on empowerment model.
Keywords: Anxiety, Hormone Treatment, Gender Identity Disorder, Gender Dysphoria
Full-Text [PDF 1137 kb]   (270 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Medical Surgical Nursing | Subject: nursing
Received: 2018/12/21 | Published: 2019/07/15

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Volume 14, Issue 2 (June-July 2019) Back to browse issues page